Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Importance Of Congress In Crafting American Foreign...

The President’s recent actions to send troops to Poland and Lithuania to defend our NATO allies has led to questions regarding the constitutionality of such action and the role congress plays in crafting American foreign policy. It is very important to understand these questions and the debates that surround them are not new to our nation. In fact, two of our nations most important founders, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, debated the balance of congressional and presidential power in foreign affairs all the way back in 1793. Similarly, the need to defend our NATO allies is nothing new. As Russia looks to expand its â€Å"sphere of influence† and return to its Cold War Self; we must ensure that our military and our NATO allies have the†¦show more content†¦Since then, Congress has remained a strong supporter in the Organization. As you will recall, both the U.S House of Representatives and Senate have recently voted, with near unanimous approval, amendmen ts stating Congress’s support to the NATO alliance. President Trump’s actions where made in the spirit of Congress’s longstanding commitment. James Madison himself points out that,† The natural province of the executive magistrate is to execute laws†¦ (Pyle, Pious 58).† President Trump actions to send troops to Eastern Europe is an example of the President executing the law of the land, in this case the NATO treaty. The execution of the law was done as a defense mechanism against Russian aggression. President Trump’s actions where in the spirit of collective defense defined in NATO’s charter of which has been approved by Congress continuously. Hypothetically, if the President were to make an offensive move against Russia he would need the approval of Congress, because he would no longer be following the protocol for NATO’s collective defense. This would remain the case until a member of NATO invokes the mutual self-defense c lause of the NATO treaty (Article Five). Alexander Hamilton wrote during the Neutrality Debate of 1793, â€Å"If the Legislature have a right to make war on the one hand—it is on the other the duty of the Executive to preserve Peace till war is declared†¦ (Pyle,Show MoreRelatedEssay on Hamdi et al. v. Rumsfeld4706 Words   |  19 Pagesdefense of the abuses at Guantanamo Bay. In this case, four British citizens are suing Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld as well as a host of Army and Air Force Generals and policy apparatchiks for allegedly authorizing the use of torture in Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay. The four were captured in Afghanistan, either by Americans or America’s ally, the Northern Alliance, and transported to Guantanamo Bay in Cuba where they were held for over two years. Their status there was not as enemy combatantRead More How the United States Must Handle China and Its Military in the 21st Century4404 Words   |  18 PagesThere is a delicate balancing act a country must be aware of when it is a military superpower. A superpower must exercise extreme care to protect their economic superiority, advance their foreign policies, and project their military might all while working to advance the global system. 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Friday, December 20, 2019

Word Choice and Tone in Bradstreets The Author to Her Book

After reading The Author to her Book, it helps to know about the authors background. Anne Bradstreet wrote this poem after she had received her recently published book. The problem was that she did not want her book published. In her eyes, it was unfinished and full of mistakes. In the poem, she treats the book as a child and uses a satirical tone. Her choice of words and tone are very important to the theme of the poem. Some readers, mainly logical, would think that the author is simply talking about a child. The truth is that she is talking about her recently finished book. Bradstreet shows a mixture of emotions toward what just happened. The poem starts by speaking of a child. An ill-formed (1) child is mentioned. This indicates†¦show more content†¦She also expresses a tone of slight fear. She is afraid that others will judge the book because of all the errors in it rather than focusing on the content of the book. At thy return my blushing was not small, / My rambling br at (in print) should mother call. (7-8) These two lines show her embarrassment of the book. She was obviously not ready for the book to be expressed to the public, and she was mortified at the amount of mistakes she had made. She was ashamed to call it her book, and symbolized it as a brat (8) in her poem. She sees it as an ill-disciplined child for leaving her sight. Yet being mine own, at length affection would / Thy blemishes amend, if so I could: / I washed thy face, but more defects I saw, / And rubbing off a spot, still made a flaw. (11-14) Bradstreet sees her book as a child that only a mother could love. She wanted to revise the book, but while she was reading the published copy, in her mind making changes, she only came across more problems. She would change one thing that would, in turn, make another thing wrong. She uses a loving yet critical tone for her book in this part of the poem. She does love her book, but, as aforementioned, she was not ready to publish it. But no ught save homespun cloth in the house I find. (18) Bradstreet continually notices things that she would have done differently, if given the chance. This line shows a tone of sadness and regret once again. She wanted toShow MoreRelatedAmerican Literature : A Look At Anne Bradstreet And Phyllis Wheatley1680 Words   |  7 Pagesfrom a wealthy, puritan family, and Wheatley, a slave taught to read and write by her owner, would make history with their published poems. Anne was born in Northampton, England in1612. She was the daughter of Thomas Dudley, the manager of the country estate of the Puritan Earl of Lincoln, and Dorothy Yorke (Anne). Due to her family s position, she grew up in cultured circumstances and, because she was apple of her daddy’s eye, he took great care to see that she received an education superior toRead MoreEssay about The Authors to Their Poems1951 Words   |  8 Pagestheir freedom and the construction of being a poet within the works. Dickinson and Bradstreet, however, wrote during different periods, where their styles greatly differed. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;During the period in which Bradstreet published her works, males were the driving force in literature. For a woman to be publishing in the 1600s was very rare. Although schoolgirls during the period were encouraged to read and become educated at a basic level, these endeavors were not intended to produceRead MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 PagesContemporary Management, Fourth Edition Jones−George Driving Shareholder Value Morin−Jarrell Leadership, Fifth Edition Hughes−Ginnett−Curphy The Art of M A: Merger/Acquisitions/Buyout Guide, Third Edition Reed−Lajoux and others . . . This book was printed on recycled paper. Management Copyright  ©2005 by The McGraw−Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Swimming Essay Example For Students

Swimming Essay Swimming Essay is a great sport. It works all of your body parts very well, and is very competitive, and everyone has a chance to succeed. You can also swim to stay in shape. Many great swimmers have passed through the sport. Mark Spits was un-arguably the best swimmer ever. He won 7 gold medals and set 7 world records at the olympics. Right now, Ian Thorpe, and australian is probably the best Freesyler ever. He also is only 17 and has been setting all kinds of records. Many others are writing their names in the record books. The olympics are going on now and are doing a good job at breaking records. Bibliography: . Most people learn to swim by imitating others, most often their parents, brothers, sisters, and friends. Most youngsters in also take lessons at swim clubs, community centers, schools, and recreational facilities. In addition, the American Swim Coaches Association (ASCA) and the American Red Cross sponsor programs that teach children about water safety. Instructors teach students skills that will make them safe, efficient, and confident swimmers. Beginners first put their heads in the water and blow bubbles by exhaling. Gradually, students progress to floating, treading water, and ultimately, learning the techniques of the major strokes. Individuals should not swim in conditions that their ability and experience will not allow them to handle. For inexperienced recreational swimmers, many safety hazards exist, even in a pool. These hazards include misjudging a dive and hitting ones head on the bottom, holding ones breath too long, becoming exhausted, and experiencing sudden cramps while too far from shore or other swimmers. The history of swimming dates back thousands of years. One of the earliest representations of swimming is an ancient Egyptian wall relief that shows soldiers of Pharaoh Ramses II. Swimming was very important in ancient Greece and Rome, especially as a form of training for warriors. In Japan, competitions were held as early as the 1st century BC. In Europe, swimming was less popular during the Middle Ages, swimming didnt pick up until the 19th century. In the late 19th century amateur swimming clubs began conducting competitions in the United States and Britain. In the United States, colleges and universities such as Yale University, Indiana University, and the University of Southern California played an important role in spreading interest in swimming as a competitive sport. In 1875 Matthew Webb of Great Britain became the first person to swim across the English Channel. Webb swam between Dover, England, and the coast of France near Calais, where the channel is more than 20 mi in width. By 1896 swimming had become well established. It was one of the sports at the first modern Olympic Games, held that year in Athens, Greece. Despite the popularity of swimming as a whole, the use of performance-enhancing drugs has cast a shadow over some of the individual accomplishments in the sport. Some athletes were even secretly given drugs, without their knowledge, their coaches. Many of these athletes later suffered major health problems. Words / Pages : 514 / 24 .

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Globalization and Expansion of Businesses

Question: Discuss about the Globalization and Expansion of Businesses. Answer: Introduction Business success is truly dependent on the various decision criterias that businesses make. Every business has its own issues and challenges that it faces and then adopts various decision criteria have to overcome the same. Decision criteria play an important in every business function, and challenges faced. The major decision criteria that a company faces are in regards to increasing its market share and profitability. In order to attend to the same various possible strategic alternatives are evaluated by the company. The report has been written in broad perspective involving the various steps of decision criteria incorporating in specifics from Adobe case study in the video. The analysis has been done on the basis of interview given by Stephen Hamill, Managing Director of Adobe for South East Asia. The issues that he had highlighted and the potential causes for the issue and then subsequently the various alternatives adopted by the company is also highlighted in the analysis. In th e end implementation and implication for the decision criteria has been applied. Issues Companies globally are facing a wide range of issues for which they need to develop a decision criterion. The decisions needs to be specific to the issues and challenges faced in businesses. The various issues that businesses face today in the dynamic environment are in regards to financial, marketing, environmental, human resources and so on. The complexity and range of problems are dependent on the organization. an ideal example of an issue faced by a leading software manufacturer is Adobe, which was established in the year 1982. Since inception it focused on the strong customer base and partner relationships. The Adobe software was the outcome of the efforts made by John Warnock and Chuck Geschke. Since last 25 years adobe has proved its excellence in capturing wider market, like any other companies adobe has been the leading market player in software business but the major issue lied on shaping the business how to make a successful company like Adobe a more bigger and successful company and capture the widest market share in the coming years. When the company is able to deal with this issue then it is also able to increase its share price in the market and attract a wide range of investors. The major considerations while dealing with a pertinent issue in business is to account for its ethical consideration built into the decision criteria. Causes Causes forms an important and integral part of the decision criteria as the underlying origins of the problems needs to be determined. Causes for the issues in decision criteria may reflect origins specific to the issues or any surrounding issues. In order to focus on the causes and take out relevant data proper analysis and understanding of the company problem is must. The major cause of issue in Adobe was market saturation, where the company existing volume of services and products has reached the maximized state. Adobe in its current market needs to develop a new innovative product for further growth and development. As a result Adobe came up with biotechnology method for its large customer base. The challenge faced by the company was to reach the customer base as this professional technology was very expensive to afford. Many customers did not buy this technology as they used to operate the pirated versions as the piracy rate was very high. Lack of legal right to the product made it more difficult for customers to access the technology and hence greatly decreased the popularity for this product. This cause was the major potential threat for Adobe in its decreasing market share as well as share price. Alternatives In decision criteria for organizations when a particular issue is faced then the causes for the issues is analyzed. All the several causes post their analysis, alternative courses of actions is prepared. These alternatives form the basis of the solutions to the challenges the company is currently facing. Alternatives depends upon the choice of the business leaders, an ethical organization is more likely to follow an alternative that yields value based solution. Similarly a business that follows or is more prone to unethical course of action might not consider value systems. While analyzing the case problem for Adobe it has been seen that the company is facing immense challenges in regards to its market. Whenever Adobe comes up with a new product customers starts struggling to get the pirated version of it to avoid paying thousands of dollars to acquire the original software. But in order to combat this situation Adobe has come up with a new technology which is not packed and sold in boxes but which is a subscription package of cloud model which were made available to the customers at very reasonable rate. This product could not be pirated as the original versions are available at a reasonable price, hence customers can have the ownership of the original adobe product. Though piracy still exists, Adobe needs to provide excellent service in order to get the stickiness of their customers. Adobe can also consider lowering the price of its existing products. The delivery of cloud based technologies, its services and transferring of files via mobile app from one mobile to another requires a subscription plan. With the lower subscription price Adobe can minimize the piracy of its software, by converting customers to use the original version. The winning edge over piracy can only be achieved when the company provides excellent services to increase customer satisfaction and grow into a much bigger company. These are the various alternatives considered by the Adobe in order to face the challenges faced by it. Accordingly various businesses will have various problems and alternative courses for solutions. It is only pertinent to select the correct alternative that incorporates in ethical norms and procedures. Decision criteria The decision criteria for any business issue is dependent on the above steps of diagnosing issues, then finding relevant causes and final arrival of the solution to the problem. Each of the decision criteria decided upon by the company is based on several strategic choices that the company makes for its various processes. The decision criteria involve evaluating major strategic alternatives for the company. The best decision at the end of the process is selected that encompasses companys vision, mission and norms. The below table reflects the decision criterias that businesses needs to consider prior to their application in business. Objectives Decision Criteria Definition Issues and causes Launching of new advanced product to spread the market share Launching of new products when market saturation is reached Interactions with employees Open and honest communication and maintaining the work environment Employees are treated fairly and communication are transparent and open to the employees at each level providing vibrant and safe environment and protecting the employees against discrimination and harassment Interaction with customers, clients Adopting fair and responsible approach Customer satisfaction is the priority which will further lead to upsell of the product Innovations and involvement Giving back to the communities where they operate and helping their users Adobe is continuously striving to fulfill these criterias Business interactions Fair dealings and open and justifiable competition Supporting documents for all the sales and not involving in any deals which hinders the competition level. Table 1 : Decision Criteria Source : 21 Recommended Solution Recommended solutions are totally dependent on the decision criteria and evaluation of the alternative courses of action. Every business decision is primarily taken up by senior members of the business along with their shareholders view of the same. It is always acceptable that business leaders adopt strategies and solutions that are beneficial to business performances. Business ethics and corporate responsibility norms needs to build into each and every aspect of recommendation. Recommendations is totally dependent on the type of business, the expectations that stakeholders of business holds for it and the strategic goals for the organization. In the case study for Adobe, Adobe Photoshop has been a major booster towards the revenue earnings of the company. The company has moved up from providing desktop technology and software to a technology provider for larger business enterprises .The cloud subscription launched by Adobe has led to the decrease in piracy with its presence and accessibility in the market at reasonable prices and outstanding services. Adobe Livcycle, a family product which helps business to manage the information flow within the organization in a secured manner. Adobe Integrated runtime (AIR) has the capability to transform the web applications into a branded desktop application which can be accessed online, offline and at occasionally environment. Adobe reader is the most widely used product which is easily available online and are accessed in office laptop, computers and desktops at every level. Adobe flash player had aided the user to create and work on advance multimedia contents on digital platform. The company has successful in laying down the industry standards and is accepted and recognized globally. Adobe creative designs help the industries to outperform in laying down the creativity workflow which further increases the revenue of adobe. Adobe also acquired Adobe shockwave and Flash making adobe the largest software company with designed products. Implementation and Implication Any decision criteria selected by the company needs to be implemented in order to yield appropriate results. The implications will be dependent on the decision criteria made and implementation of the same. In the implementation phase for the case study example, Adobe analytics implementation includes terms, code and information on how data is collected. The implementation is best understood by; Reports and report suits It is a complete independent reporting set on a chosen website or web pages. The global segment can be combined to get several numbers of sites but usually a report suit is one website. Metrics It is the foundation of reports which let you understand data relationship and side by side gives information about comparison of data sets about your website. Analytics code-Here the Java Script implementation is used to send data to Analytics. In report suit data is sent to display in reporting. Data Collection Through Adobe multiple ways were created to send data into Analytics. The methods or techniques used in tracking information from websites, client-server applications, kiosks, emails, mobile devices etc. can access internet. Marketing Cloud Debugger- The Digital Pulse Debugger or Adobe Debugger is a tool which is provided by Adobe is a free tool which enables to view the collected data from the site on any given page. Adobe being a single user software anticipated several market trends-from universal print language to distribution of electronic documents. Adobe products have created relationship in an organization between partners and customers. 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